大麻 - 作物和工艺,1970年拉希克文章突出了香港的消失

詹姆斯海耶斯致敬他的简短文章关于香港大麻的生产和使用允许在我们的网站上发布,尽管它的大部分都是在中国的描述中讨论了这种做法。本文首次发表于1970年皇家亚洲社会(香港分行)期刊Vol 10.

有关在大多数男性Hakka Weavers的年度访问期间,有关HK的编织的进一步信息,请参阅詹姆斯海耶斯的文章,香港的巡回博卡织布者下面挂钩。

大麻荨麻植物图像

大麻詹姆斯海耶斯

几年前,我写了关于迭如然的客家工匠,他们定期前往一些新界村庄,将局部种植的大麻 - 亚麻定期编织成衣服的布料(参见1968年期刊,第162 -165页)。在阅读和进一步查询的过程中,更多信息已经获得,这可能是我早期注意事项的读者读者现在相对晦涩的主题。

一些背景的背景可能有助于表明,这一作物的消失和来自香港的这种作物的消失在近来近期信号的结束时必须在该地区和其他地方处于高雅的练习。大麻构成了中国纺织品的主要来源,直到从十分之一或十一世纪引入棉花A.D.根据M. Loewe的说法初级中国日常生活(London, B.T. Batsford, Ltd., 1968), the planting of hemp for the coarse raiment in which most of the population was clothed was already one of the farmer’s main occupations in the Han time (202 B.C. – A.D. 200) along with another prime necessity, grain for food. Fragments of a short text on husbanding ascribed to Ts’ui Shih (C 100 – 170) set out a yearly programme of activities for the farmer and his household and include instructions on the cultivation and used of hemp. Unfortunately, however, despite the use of hemp clothing by the bulk of the Han population, it is of silk fabrics that most is known today. By the late Sung period in the mid 13th century, ordinary people still wore clothes made of hempen cloth since cotton, too, was a luxury though its use had begun to spread (see Jacques Gernet中国日常生活在蒙古入侵前夕,1250 -1276(伦敦,乔治艾伦和Unwin,1962,p.130)。

遵循的种植,制备和加工的描述(未在前垂体上给出日期,但内容物日期到这一时期,见)。第60页)。这是我第一个遇到的提供了任何细节,虽然沃森的中国商务的主要文章(进出口),在上海1930年,上海1930年的监察机构刊登,处理各种类型的大麻和苎麻PP之间。50 - 59。

“大麻,或者,更适当地说,与我们所知道的植物类似的纤维是从中国的几个土着植物中提取的:这些毫无疑问地形成了中国人佩戴的第一款纺织面料,因为他们是其他的古代文明比赛。然而,由于棉花的引入以来,这些纤维的培养和制造仅限于更精细的种类,由英国草布呼叫。这主要是由属于的植物制成荨麻,或荨麻家庭,命名由中国人。在培养它时,在选择种子和制备土壤时拍摄得很好。收集时的前者用沙子或干地球包装罐子。选择松散的干燥土壤;地面很好地耕种,身份,并分成床,长约八码,一个宽,以前抛出种子,地球用扫帚扫过它。在它萌芽之前,铺设了一个带垫子的框架,以保护它们免受六月太阳的激烈热量。当三英寸高时,它们被移植。多年生他们在冬天和春天仔细倾向;在第三年或第四年准备切割。该植物也被根繁殖,每年在6月份产生三种作物,当叶片相对较短时; but in a month or two they are seven or eight feet high, when the second cutting takes place. The latest crop is cut in September or October, from which the finest cloth is made; the first being inferior, coarse and hard. On being cut the leaves are soaked in water for an hour, and the fibre stripped by breaking in the middle; whilst the operator, generally a woman or a child, separates the filaments skilfully from one end to the other with the finger-nails. The next process is scraping the hemp with a knife by drawing the strips over the blade from within outwards, taking off all the mucilaginous parts; then it is rolled up into bundles, exposed for a day in the sun, then assorted, and the whitest selected for fine cloth. A partial bleaching is effected on the fibres before they undergo further division, sometimes by boiling, and at others by pounding on a plank with a mallet. When the cloth is finished it undergoes a process of glazing, which is done by a rude machine most effectually. A sort of bed or tray is laid down firmly in the ground, the inside curved or scalloped, and made very smooth. Upon this the cloth is carefully spread; a small cylinder is laid above, and upon that a stone with a smooth face, having the ends turned upwards. A man mounts this stone, and places one foot on each end, giving it a see-saw motion working the cylinder backwards and forwards with great power, and imparting a fine glaze to the cloth, equal to hot-pressing in European factories.”

本说明书的哪个部分是不知道的。有关植物物种和西部和Chekiang的实践的详细信息,请参见A. Hosie,西部三年(伦敦,乔治菲利普和儿子,第二edn,1897)PP。73 - 74。

这里显示的图像没有伴随詹姆斯海内斯的原始文章。

来源:大麻 - 笔记和查询James Hayes,Rashkb Journal Vol 10,1970年

看:皇家亚洲社会香港任何对中国和亚洲的历史,艺术,文化和文化有兴趣的人都会特别参考香港,将享受拉希克的会员,这些人通常被视为香港和华南研究的主要社会。

本文首次发布于2016年9月24日。

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